Lockwood's American Upper Case

*¦¦¦§||fist $£lbPer@1/32/3
c/oa/c'°   1/83/85/87/81/41/23/4
  X    Y    Z    J    U    ]    )    X    Y    Z   J  U  hair   ffl  

The layout is given by Lockwood: American Dictionary of Printing and Bookmaking (1894, reprinted Gale 1967). It is similar to MacKellar of 1866, except that Lockwood swaps the caps and small caps, shows the fractions on the right, moves some signs, and moves the braces. The companion Lower case lay is the same as Hamilton except for ! and ? being interchanged. Lockwood comments (in 1894) that U.S. practice over the last 50 years had become the placement of the caps in the lower rows of the case, whereas the old (and English) practice was to place the caps in the top rows, with the galley and manuscript copy resting on the lower rows. Also, the previous custom (eg MacKellar) had the caps on the left and small caps on the right, but newspaper offices had changed some 40 years ago, to caps on the right. Southward, in 1882, shows a similar change in the U.K., eg Mackie News.

The boxes with A, etc are small caps. The box ¦ is really a single, and ¦¦ a double, dagger. The ---- are em rules. The << <> >> represent a 3 piece brace. The empty case configuration is that of Moxon, and Smith, (1755), Luckombe (1771), Stower (1804), Johnson (1824), Savage (1841), Mackellar (1870), Southward (1882), Barnhart Bros & Spindler's News (1890s), Stephenson Blake & Co (1922), Caslon (1925) etc.

Other empty cases
ie with the boxes left blank
Other type layouts
ie with characters assigned to boxes
Full Index of layoutsGlossary of terms usedSources of the layoutsIntroduction
Quantities in a fount of typeQuantities in a case of type
Notes about Job
and Double Cases
Notes about Upper casesNotes about Lower casesAlembic home page

This page was written in 1998 by David Bolton and last updated 15 November 2008.