Ringwalt's California Lower Case

ffifl--hair '  k e  1  2  3  4  5  6 78

This U.S. lay is based on the description in Ringwalt: American Encyclopaedia of Printing (1871). Unfortunately the complete lay is not given by Ringwalt, so this is a version of the U.S. Lower of BBS (1890s), modified according to Ringwalt's instructions for adapting an ordinary case to the improved Californian lay that was in use in San Fransisco. That is, dividing the h box into three (for ens 5-em 4-em spaces), the c box into two (for c and u), moving h to u box, dividing the en quad box into two (for $ and &), putting hair and em dash into the 4-em and 5-em boxes. With these changes, the compositor's hand travelling distance was claimed to be reduced by more than half a mile per day.

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This page was written in 1998 by David Bolton and last updated 23 November 2008.